Diseases that humans can receive from animals are called zoonotic diseases. Veterinarians are not only trained to help diagnose pets when they are sick, but also to keep their pet owners informed about these zoonotic conditions. For example, dogs are one animal that is often diagnosed with diseases that their human owners should take great care around. Below is information on what diseases you could catch from your pets. But firstly, if you do believe that you have been in contact with a pet that has any of the conditions described below, call your doctor and vet as soon as possible.
1- Ringworm: Fungus is a common way in which skin diseases are often spread between humans and animals, ringworm being the most common. As a skin disease, ringworm can easily be spread between multiple types of animals, including cats and dogs. Direct contact with an animals skin lesion is how the disease is spread, and so it is very important to take your animal to the vet as soon as these lesions are seen. This is especially important if you have young children who enjoy a lot of physical contact with your pet. However, in humans ringworm can be treated with anti-fungal ointments and medications without much further complications.
2 – Toxocariasis: Diseases like Toxocariasis are caused by common parasites such as roundworm. While people of any age are prone to contracting the condition, children are especially susceptible to it, especially when playing around in dirt. When an animal is infected with the parasite, they will also release parasitical eggs in their excrement. When infected dirt is then used for play, it can end up infecting humans when accidentally ingested. Toxacariasis may cause organ failure, lung damage and vision impairment and should be taken seriously. Remember to teach your children good hygiene habits to prevent infection.
3 – Rabies: Viral contagions such as rabies can be found in many different animals. Dogs and cats are potential carriers, and the virus is typically transmitted to humans through bites. After being bitten, it can take a long time for symptoms to develop. These include headaches, fevers, and even neurological problems that cause distress and confusion. Rabies can be fatal, and so it is very important to vaccinate your pet and seek immediate health care after being bitten by any animal.
4) Giardia: Commonly found in cats, dogs, and humans, Giardia is an intestinal parasite, inducing symptoms of diarrhea and gastrointestinal discomfort in both animals and humans alike. It is important to understand that many animals can have the disease while not even showing symptoms. Thus, it is important to take the proper precautions with hygienic methods, as it most commonly transmitted through the consumption of water that has been contaminated with feces.
5) While there are indeed many diseases that can be contracted from your pets, there are thankfully some that cannot. There is a myth that humans can catch fleas and or lice from their cats and dogs, however this is not true. If you do get a lice outbreak in your home, you can always hire a professional in home lice removal in Carlsbad. The good news is that lice are species specific. However, if you notice that your dog is suffering from this common parasite, treatment is just as easy for pets as it is for humans.